In 2017, about 10 million tons of domestic waste were created in Ukraine and then buried on landfills totally covering the area of more than 8.5 thousand hectares. According to the data of the Ministry of Regional Development, as of 2017 the total number of landfills is 5434 units. Of these, 5.7% are landfills that are overloaded with waste, and 25% of landfills do not meet environmental safety standards. In addition, in Ukraine annually about 30 thousand unauthorized landfills are detected.1 People burn garbage, throw it into rivers, bury it in the soil. As a result, land, water and air are polluted, affecting life and health of the population, and leading to an increase in the volume of expenditures from the state and local budgets for elimination of consequences.
The reason for such environmental pollution is the fact that Ukraine does not have proper waste management, including the legislative and material-technical base.
In order to solve problems in the area of waste management, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine has developed a draft law “On Waste Management” (https://menr.gov.ua/news/32869.html?fbclid=IwAR08ITQSlpGFgJi1o_FWS2xY8RhU2XmtAtspRDjScjNUEPAFM4KUBh31Rtk ).