The most effective mechanism for the biodiversity protection on the Earth is the preservation of species and ecosystems in the places of their natural dispersal. Creation of protected areas is a globally acknowledged tool for the protection of biodiversity. Whereas in Ukraine, the nature protected fund (NPF) is still only a partially effective tool for the preservation of biodiversity. On one hand, in the areas included in the NPF, there is usually no longer any threat of building up, the formation of landfills, mining, and other types of economic activities that are destructive to nature. On the other hand, administrative obstacles do not allow to establish a NPF where it is necessary for the reasons of biodiversity protection, and even after establishment, they do not guarantee a surveillance over erratic violations of environmental legislation: grass burning, hunting, uncontrolled recreation, etc. For this reason, Ukraine does not provide protection for a sufficient number of areas, therefore, does not guarantee the fulfillment of tasks in preserving biodiversity and the environment that is safe for human life and health.